Island of the great volcano, symbol of life and energy, it was initially called Sao Filipe and only later denominated Fogo for housing the highest peak of the archipelago: the imposing volcano, 2829 meters high, main source of attraction for tourists and place of compulsory visit to every visitor.
The island was once inhabited by people from the island of Santiago, owners of vast lands and slaves brought from the coast of Guinea. The agricultural and industrial activities were always present in the island: cotton, vineyards, the processing and export of such products, etc. Sao Filipe, with more than five thousand habitants, is the capital of the island and there the visitor can observe the dazzling sobrados: colonial houses where the aristocrats used to live.
The island of Fogo is a place of important traditions and cultural manifestations, such as the Festa de Sao Filipe, held on the 1st of May, which gathers people from all over the archipelago and Cabo-verdean emigrants who take this opportunity to visit their homeland.
Alongside with the production of coffee, there is also the grape cultivation associated to the production of “Manecon” wine, highly appreciated in the whole country for being produced with no chemical ingredients and for having a very characteristic flavor..
Cha das Caldeiras, a small village on the foot of the main cone of the volcano, was then almost completely isolated by the lava stream that interrupted the main road at three different points. For those who enjoy an on-foot expedition, it is recommended to reach this village through the lava and ash fields that nowadays cover what were very fertile farming fields and the main source of living of the local population, even though the road has been re-opened.
The isolation and silence felt inside the crater and the constant imposing presence of the volcano makes one feel small and helpless compared to the forces of nature. Another location to visit is Salina which is a breath taking natural pool with warm water throughout the year.