Island of Fogo
The island of FOGO, located to the west of Santiago, is almost round in shape and looks as if it is just a volcanic mountain; in fact, it is – the island itself is one enormous and ancient volcano. Its surface area is 476 Km2 and, although only the fourth biggest island of the archipelago, it is the highest, the top of its newer volcanic peak reaching a height of 2829 m. This volcano, Pico do Fogo, is in fact the main tourist attraction of the island. The volcanic cone rises from a plateau about 8 km in diameter, called CHÃ DAS CALDEIRAS. The walls on the western side of this valley reach almost 1000 m and end in a crater 500 meters in diameter and 180 meters deep. This is truly some of the most spectacular scenery in the whole of the archipelago. The original volcanic cone must, at one time, have reached a height of 3500 meters.
The volcano was active right up to the 18th century, when the main cone ceased activity and all that remained were the volcanic vapors and deposits of sulphur. There have since then been sporadic eruptions, the last severe of which was in 1951, when lava poured out of one of the two openings on the southern side of the volcano.